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Elements of an approved CBT course

Posted on by vision-motorcycle-training

Compulsory Basic Training

Approved training courses for compulsory basic training (CBT) contain five elements. The syllabus of the course and the order in which the five elements must be delivered is specified in Schedule 12 of The Motor Vehicles (Driving Licences) Regulations 1999 as amended.

The five elements are:
A introduction
B practical on-site training
C practical on-site riding
D practical on-road training
E practical on-road riding


Element A: introduction

Trainers must explain to trainees in a way that they can understand:

  • the aims of the compulsory basic training course
  • the importance of having the right equipment and clothing

Trainees’ eyesight must be tested. In good daylight trainees must be able to read, with the aid of glasses or contact lenses if worn, a vehicle number plate. The number plate can contain letters and figures of either:

  • 79 mm high at a distance of 20 metres
  • 89 mm high at 20.5 metres (old style plates)


Element B: practical on-site training

Trainees must receive practical on-site training so that they are:

  • familiar with the motorcycle, its controls and how it works
  • able to carry out basic machine checks to a satisfactory standard and are able to take the bike on and off the stand satisfactorily
  • able to wheel the machine around to the left and right showing proper balance and bring the motorcycle to a controlled halt by braking
  • able to start and stop the engine satisfactorily


Element C: practical on-site riding

Trainees must undertake practical on-site riding so that they are able to:

  • ride the machine under control in a straight line and bring the machine to a controlled halt
  • ride the machine round a figure of eight circuit under control
  • ride the machine slowly under control
  • carry out a u-turn manoeuvre satisfactorily
  • bring the machine to a stop under full control as in an emergency
  • carry out controlled braking using both brakes
  • change gear satisfactorily
  • carry out rear observation correctly
  • carry out simulated left and right hand turns correctly using the observation-signal-manoeuvre (OSM) and position-speed-look (PSL) routines


Element D: practical on-road training

Trainees must understand the following:

  • the need to be clearly visible to other road users (the use of conspicuity aids)
  • the importance of knowing the legal requirements for riding on the road
  • why motorcyclists are more vulnerable than most road users
  • the need to ride at the correct speed according to road and traffic conditions
  • the importance of knowing the Highway Code
  • the need to ride defensively and anticipate the actions of other road users
  • the need to use rear observation at appropriate times
  • the need to assume the correct road position when riding
  • the need to leave sufficient space when following another vehicle
  • the need to pay due regard to the effect of varying weather conditions when riding

Trainees must be aware of:

  • the effect on a vehicle of the various types of road surface that can be encountered
  • the dangers of drug and alcohol use
  • the consequences of aggressive attitudes when riding
  • the importance of hazard perception

Element E: practical on-road riding

Trainees must undertake on-road riding for a period of not less than two hours. They must encounter all the following traffic situations and demonstrate their ability to handle each one competently and safely:

  • roundabouts
  • junctions
  • pedestrian crossings
  • traffic lights
  • gradients
  • bends
  • obstructions

Trainees must also repeat the following exercises in normal road conditions:

  • carry out a u-turn manoeuvre satisfactorily
  • bring the machine to a stop under full control as in an emergency
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